Friday, November 5, 2010

Adverbs - Adverbs of Place, Affirmation, Negation and Reason

Adverbs Expressing Place

These adverbs answer the question ‘where?’

Hearing the noise, the boy looked up.

(Ask the question ‘looked where?’ and you get the answer ‘up’.)

After fighting the mouse for five hours, the tired cat fell down.

(Ask the question ‘fell where?’ and you get the answer ‘down’.)

Naina was standing here.

(Ask the question ‘was standing where?’ and you get the answer ‘here’.)

Why don’t you go there?

(Ask the question ‘go where?’ and you get the answer ‘there’.)

My friends are calling me outside.

(Ask the question ‘are calling where?’ and you get the answer ‘outside’.)

Let us go inside.

(Ask the question ‘go where?’ and you get the answer ‘inside’.)

Please come in.

(Ask the question ‘come where?’ and you get the answer ‘in’.)

My parents have gone out.

(Ask the question ‘have gone where?’ and you get the answer ‘out’.)

Let us go on foot. They live near.

(Ask the question ‘live where?’ and you get the answer ‘near’.)

[Note: An adverb of place is usually placed after the verb or after the object of the verb.]

Adverbs Expressing Affirmation and Negation

You are surely mistaken.

I can certainly do this.

The place was very humid indeed.

This is not right.

Adverbs Expressing Reason or Cause

As mentioned before, a clause can act like an adverb in a sentence. Sometimes such an adverb clause expresses the relation of reason or cause.

He reads a lot of English books because he wants to improve his English.

(Here, the clause ‘because he wants to improve his English’ gives a reason for the verb ‘reads’. Ask the question ‘reads why?’ and you get the clause as the answer.)

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